Microdermabrasion is the process of using tiny crystals to exfoliate the skin and then drawing out debris and impurities with suction. Microdermabrasion is a nonsurgical procedure. It works in two parts. Firstly, a machine utilizes tiny crystals to gently exfoliate the surface of your skin to remove the dead skin cells, while a vacuum sucks the removed skin cells and debris away. Unlike Dermabrasion, Microdermabrasion is considered a safe procedure for all skin types. It will not cause scarring or color changes. Microdermabrasion only exfoliates the outermost layer of skin, which can reduce risks and recovery time. It will not require medications or numbing agents in preparation. The procedure is not painful. 
The process can improve blood circulation deep within the skin, which can improve the internal health of the skin. By removing the dead skin and promoting circulation, microdermabrasion has been shown to enhance the absorption of skincare products by the skin by up to 50%. Microdermabrasion can not only unclog pores but also reduces the size of them. Many people now choose microdermabrasion over other treatments options like laser procedures and chemical peels because it is safer and still achieves great results. People might choose to get the procedure if they have the following skin concerns:
fine lines and wrinkles
  • hyper-pigmentation, age spots and brown spots
  • enlarged pores and blackheads
  • acne and acne scars
  • stretch marks
  • dull-looking skin complexion
  • uneven skin tone and texture
  •  melasma
  • sun damage
Microdermabrasion usually takes about one hour. In salons, microdermabrasion is often performed as a series of between 6 and 10 sessions, often spaced out by a week or two. The number of microdermabrasion sessions needed, will depend on the severity of your skin concerns as well as your expectations. Common side effects of microdermabrasion include mild tenderness, swelling, and redness. These generally go away within a few hours after treatment. There are a few different ways to do the procedure, based on the specific device used:
  • diamond-tip handpiece is designed to gently exfoliate dead cells in your skin. At the same time, it will suction them off immediately.   
  • Crystal microdermabrasion uses a crystal-emitting handpiece to gently spray on fine crystals to rub away outer layers of the skin.The different types of crystals that may be used include aluminum oxide and sodium bicarbonate. 
  • Hydradermabrasion involves combining simultaneous dermal infusion of products and crystal-free exfoliation.
  • After every session of the procedure, keep your skin hydrated and use gentle skin care products. It’s extremely important to protect your skin with sunscreen. There is a small risk of irritation to the eyes if you use the crystal-stream method and the crystals get in. Microdermabrasion is not very much effective for deeper problems such as scars, stretch marks, wrinkles, or deep acne scars. Also, since it is a cosmetic procedure, Medical insurance doesn’t typically cover the cost. Keeping your skin clean is an ongoing process and so this treatment incurs cost.
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